to Ponder •
- Dogs just do what works for them so make listening
to you work for them. Reward them with what they love to keep them repeating the behaviors you like.
- Repeating commands teaches a dog that either the command
is meaningless or that it's ok to respond in their own
- We should never ask for a behavior that we aren't
at least 80% sure we will get after asking the first
- Train quietly. A dog who has learned to listen carefully
will tend to pay more attention.
- Effective communication comes through quality and
clarity, not quantity.
- If your dog won't respond to a cue ask yourself "what
is different about this situation?"
- Start at the beginning in a new situation. Go back
to basics when adding something new such as distraction.
- Remember to always set your dog up for success.
- Reinforcement is only reinforcement if it increases
or maintains behavior.
- Quit while you are ahead
Your Dog to Listen •
Do you ever find yourself repeating yourself to your dog or puppy?
This article explains how to train a puppy or dog to listen to you
first time, every time.
Many dog or puppy owners find themselves blaming their dog for not
listening. When you have invested time and effort into training,
it can seem like a bit of a disappointment when your dog suddenly
decides to stop listening to you, or that something else in his
world is more exciting or interesting than you are.
The truth is, dogs just do what works for them.
It is up to you, as a puppy or dog owner to teach your pet to listen
to you by making 'listening to you' work for them. Many dog owners
inadvertently teach their dog to ignore them!
So how do we teach a dog to listen to us?
First, figure out what your dog loves.
Dogs do what works for them and when they are learning
something new or difficult, praise is often just
not enough. If
the reinforcement is rewarding enough, your dog
will repeat the behavior that won her the
If your dog is wrong you simply withhold the reward;
there is no need to punish. In the beginning stages
of training, food treats are easiest to use to
quickly get repeat behaviors. When the new behaviors
are more ingrained, you can use life rewards such
as play, toys, walks, petting, etc. to reinforce
the behavior. Want your dog to look at you
you more? How about giving a treat every time she
looks at you. She will quickly learn that looking
at you is rewarding and will do it more frequently.
Remember to always set your dog up for success.
If your dog can't succeed, you can't reinforce. If you can't reinforce,
nothing useful has been learned.
While we're on the topic of reinforcement - make sure your rewards
are meaningful. By definition, reinforcement is only reinforcement
if it increases or maintains behavior. A full-up dog being
offered lousy treats, or a dog-tired dog being offered a chance
to chase a ball is probably not going to be too interested in training.
Dog owners frequently repeat commands over and over. If your dog
didn't respond the first time, repetition isn't going to help. Repeating
commands teaches a dog that either the command is meaningless or
that it's ok to respond in their own sweet time!
We should never ask for a behavior that we aren't at
least 80% sure we will get after asking the first time. If there are too many distractions, we're in a new situation, or the behavior just isn't very well learned; then we probably won't
get the behavior we want.
Train quietly. It's a hold over from the old
military-style dog training that we bellow commands at our dogs.
Dogs actually have a powerful sense of hearing, and can hear our
tiniest whispers. That's not to say that a command shouldn't be
clear and audible, but if you only ever bellow commands during training,
don't expect your dog to learn to pay attention to you unless you
are bellowing. A dog who has learned to listen carefully will tend
to pay more attention.
A bit of meaningless chatter is ok every so often, but dogs
don't speak our language and we don't want our cues to become lost
amongst the noise. When training, try not to talk too much. Effective
communication comes through quality and clarity, not quantity.
If you find yourself in a situation where your dog won't respond
to a cue, and you're sure he knows it in other situations then ask
yourself "what is different about this situation?" It could
be that there are too many distractions for your dog to focus. It
could be that the situation is vastly different from any that you
have trained in.
Go back to basics when this happens. Remove distractions if you
can, and re-introduce them slowly. Start at the beginning
in a new situation, even if it means using a food lure
briefly to 'get the behavior'. If there's too much going on, move
away from the action a bit.
Quit while you are ahead. Don't try to train
for too long. If you train too long you start getting sub-standard
behavior. Reinforcing sub-standard behavior will only give you more
sub-standard behavior in the future.
Don't feel like you have to reinforce every behavior you ask for
and get. Once the behavior is well learned, stop reinforcing the
worst offerings. For example, if your dog is trained to come when
called, don't reinforce if he takes too long to respond. Set him
up for success, and reinforce the faster responses only.
Train often. Dogs need to learn to learn, and by training often
and training consistently, your dog will learn how to play the training
game with you. It should be a game, too. If training
isn't like playing a game with your dog, it stops being fun for
both of you.
Be worth listening to. Be someone your dog
trusts and respects. Be predictable, confident, calm, and decisive.
When you make a decision, stick with it. If you decide that your
dog can't sit on the couch, lead him onto his mat every time he
sits on the couch. Don't give in just because he's giving you "those
eyes". It's another matter altogether if you decide to invite your
dog onto the couch as a reward for giving you some other behavior
you asked for, though.
Posted courtesy of Aidan Bindoff, Editor of http://www.PositivePetzine.com,
a free resource for people training their own dog. Each edition
is packed with helpful tips for training your dog using the latest
pet-friendly methods that work fast and don't require a degree in
animal behavior to use. PLUS, check out the huge archive of useful
articles on just about every dog training topic you can think of!
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